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5月19日雅思大作文真题:食用异地食品是好还是坏

2018-05-21 15:01     供稿单位: 新航道    

出国英语考试有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思阅读评分标准 托福阅读评分标准 雅思和托福的区别

  2018年05月19日雅思大作文题目

  “In many countries, people can eat a wide variety of food grown in other areas today. As a result, they eat more food from other regions than local food. Do you think the advantages of the development outweigh disadvantages?

 

 

  解析&审题

  本题是2016年8月13日的原题重现,与2017年5月13日的真题也基本相同。

 

  当今是全球化时代,我们的日常生活中充满了外来的元素,只不过我们很少去关注:我们穿的衣服,吃的食品,乘坐的汽车或者飞机,几乎没有什么东西没有外来的痕迹。

 

 

  那么,在这个大背景下,我们该如何讨论本次雅思写作话题呢?

 

  关于食用更多外来食品,而不是本地食品,就如使用其他产品一样,肯定是利弊参半。

 

  好的地方,无非是丰富了我们的食物选择,改善了我们的营养结构,这是从消费者个人而言的。那么,对于整个食品产业,无疑会增加产业的竞争,从而提升服务质量,但是坏处也由此而产生:如果消费者大量食用外来食品,这无疑会挫伤国内食品产业的发展。

 

  谈及个人观点,我们可以这样认为,虽然在短期内国内食品产业可能受损,但是从长远看,竞争导致提高,从而可以促进国内食品产业走向世界,因此反而变成一件好事,由此得出结论:消费者食用外来食品,无论对个人还是对整个食品产业,都是一件好事。

 

  [批判性思维提示] 本题的核心是:食用外来食品(而非本地食品)到底是好还是坏?唐老师的思路是分两种情况来讨论:对消费者而言,这是增加了食品选择,改善了营养结构,当然是好事;对本地食品业而言,则可能产生负面的影响。那到底是好处多还是坏处多?

 

  唐老师则从竞争可以导致质量提高的角度,认为食用外来食品可以提升本地产业的竞争力。因此,在讨论某种现象是好还是坏时,考生可以分不同人群(或不同层次)来进行讨论,任何一个现象都不可能是绝对的坏,也不可能是绝对地坏。这样,我们就获得了一种批判性的思考方式。

 

  [同类真题回顾] “食品”一直是雅思写作考试中的常客,经常出现。以下是历年真题回顾:

  2010.12.11

        Junk food does harm to people's health. Therefore, some experts find educationan effective way to prevent/stop people from eating the food. However, someone finds the education insignificant. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

 

  教育能否让人们不再吃垃圾食品?

  2011.12.3

  Today food travel thousands of miles from the farm to the consumers.Why is this? Is it a positive or negative trend?

  从农场到消费者,食品要历经千山万水。为什么?这是好还是不好?

 

  2014.12.13

  Shops should not be allowed to sell any food or drink that has been scientifically proved to be bad for people’s health. To what extend do you agree or disagree?

  应该禁止商店销售那些已经被科学证明是有害人们身体的食品和饮料吗?

 

  2016.3.12

  In modern life, it is no longer necessary to use animals as food and in other products like clothing and medicines. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  现在,我们已经没有必要将动物用作食物、衣服和医药。你是否同意?

 

  2017.5.13

  In some countries, it is possible for people to have a variety of food imported from all over the world. To what extent do you think its benefits outweigh the drawbacks? 在一些国家,人们可以吃到各种舶来的食品。你认为这是好还是不好

 

  老师笔记

  01

  30 years ago, American fast food brands such as McDonald, KFC, and Subway were basicallyunheard of in China, but now they have become everyday words to Chinese people who have probably consumed the greatest amount of American fast food in the world. Though the introduction of food from other regions is not without negative effects, I do think it is positive to both the individual consumers and the food industry as a whole.

 

  30年前,麦当劳、肯德基和赛百味等美国快餐品牌在中国基本上是闻所未闻的,但现在它们已成为中国人的日常用语,中国人可能消费了世界上最多的美国快餐。虽然从其他地区引进食品并非没有负面影响,但我认为这对个体消费者和整个食品行业都是积极的。

 

  解析

  (1)开头段对题目所提的现象(即人们可以广泛使用外来食品)进行细化描写,引入话题,并提出自己的观点。

  (2)basically 基本上

  (3)...is unheard of ......是闻所未闻

  (4)consume 消费

  (5)...is not without... 不无......

  (6)food industry 食品业

  (7)as a whole 作为整体地

 

  02

  With greater variety of food coming from outside, we can enjoy a better nutritional structure and greater freedom to choose our favorite food. Now we all know that eggplants and potatoes are vitalto our health, but very few know they wereoriginally grown in Mexico and Ireland and werenot imported to China until after the 18th century. So the food from other regions has offered us more nutritional choices. Instead of just taking soy bean milk, many people today have cow milk; instead of just taking breads, many people now have sandwiches as well.

 

  有了更多的来自外部的食物,我们可以享受更好的营养结构和更大的自由选择我们最喜欢的食物。现在我们都知道茄子和土豆对我们的健康非常重要,但很少有人知道,它们最初生长在墨西哥和爱尔兰,直到18世纪以后才被引进到中国。所以来自其他地区的食物为我们提供了更多的营养选择。今天,许多人不只喝豆浆,还喝牛奶;不仅吃面包,还吃三明治。

 

  解析

  (1)本段讨论引进外来食品对个体消费者的好处:改进营养结构,提供更多选择。本段主要使用举例法(包括茄子、土豆;豆浆,牛奶;面包,三明治),围绕的主题是来自其他地区的食品改善了我们的营养结构,并给我们更多选择。

  (2)variety 种类

  (3)nutritional structure 营养结构

  (4)vital 至关重要的

  (5)originally 首先;起先

  (6)not...until... 直到......才......

 

  03

  Some may argue that the importation of foreign food may impair the local food industry. This may be true in some cases. We have seen many local food brands become obsolete when their foreignreplacements are introduced to the market. However, I believe the intensified competitionresulting from the arrival of the foreign food is beneficial to the long-term development of the local food industry, because it will compel the local food companies to improve the quality of their products, which in turn will make them more competitive in the global market.

 

  有些人可能会说,进口外国食物可能会损害本地的食物业。这在某些情况下可能是正确的。我们已经看到,当外来的替代品被引入时,许多本地食品品牌消失了。然而,我相信,外来食品的到来所带来的激烈竞争,对本地食品工业的长远发展是有利的,因为这将迫使当地食品公司提高产品质量,而这无疑将使它们在全球市场上更具竞争力。

 

  解析

  (1)本段讨论引进外来食品与本地食品业发展之间的关系。首先指出,外来食品的确可能损害本地食品业,然后转折过来,说明外来食品带来的竞争迫使本地企业提升质量,而这个从长远看会提升其在全球市场上的竞争力。

  (2)impair损害;伤害

  (3)in some cases 在某些情况下

  (4)obsolete过时的

  (5)replacement替换品

  (6)intensified加剧的

  (7)result from 由......引起

  (8)long-term长远的

  (9)compel 迫使

  (10)in turn 反过来

  (11)competitive 有竞争力的

  (12)global market 全球市场

 

  04

  Thus, that people are able to consume more and more food from other countries and regions gives afavorable opportunity to both the individual consumers and the entire food industry. It is, therefore, advisable for us to embrace this development, rather than rejecting it.

 

  因此,人们能够消费越来越多的来自其他国家和地区的食品,为个人消费者和整个食品行业提供了一个有利的机会。因此,我们最好接受这一发展,而不是拒绝它。

 

  解析

  (1)本段为结论段,重申观点。好的结尾段应该包括两个内容:一是对前文的总结,二是适当的延伸。因此,好作文的结尾段通常都是两句话组成。

  (2)favorable有利的

  (3)advisable明智的

  (4)embrace拥抱;欢迎

  (5)reject 拒绝

 

  本场考试范文

  30 years ago, American fast food brands such as McDonald, KFC, and Subway were basically unheard of in China, but now they have become everyday words to Chinese people who have probably consumed the greatest amount of American fast food in the world. Though the introduction of food from other regions is not without negative effects, I do think it is positive to both the individual consumers and the food industry as a whole.

 

  With greater variety of food coming from outside, we can enjoy a better nutritional structure and greater freedom to choose our favorite food. Now we all know that eggplants and potatoes are vital to our health, but very few know they were originally grown in Mexico and Ireland and were not imported to China until after the 18th century. So the food from other regions has offered us more nutritional choices. Instead of just taking soy bean milk, many people today have cow milk; instead of just taking breads, many people now have sandwiches as well.

 

  Some may argue that the importation of foreign food may impair the local food industry. This may be true in some cases. We have seen many local food brands become obsolete when their foreign replacements are introduced to the market. However, I believe the intensified competition resulting from the arrival of the foreign food is beneficial to the long-term development of the local food industry, because it will compel the local food companies to improve the quality of their products, which in turn will make them more competitive in the global market.

 

  Thus, that people are able to consume more and more food from other countries and regions gives a favorable opportunity to both the individual consumers and the entire food industry. It is, therefore, advisable for us to embrace this development, rather than rejecting it.

  306 words

 

  更多雅思写作真题解析,敬请关注新航道雅思考试频道。

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